Knowledge elicitation techniques and application to nuclear plant maintenance

by E. Kevin Doyle

Written in English
Published: Pages: 131 Downloads: 742
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The new millennium has brought with it the opportunity of global trade which in turn requires the utmost in efficiency from each individual industry. This includes the nuclear power industry, a point which was emphasized when the electrical generation industry began to be de regulated across North America the late 1990s and re-emphasized when the northeast power grid of North America collapsed in the summer of 2003. This dissertation deals with reducing the cost of the maintenance function of Candu nuclear power plants and initiating a strong link between universities and the Canadian nuclear industry.This dissertation ultimately speaks to the great opportunity being presented by this approach at this time: of capturing the baby-boom generation"s huge pool of knowledge before those people retire. It is expected that the protocols and procedures referenced here will have applicability across the many disciplines where collecting expert information from a similar age group is required.Various forms of RCM (reliability-centred maintenance) have been the tools of choice in industry for improving the maintenance function during the last 20 years. In this project, pilot studies, conducted at Bruce Power between 1999 and 2005, and reported on in this dissertation, lay out a path to implement statistical improvements as the next step after RCM in reducing the cost of the maintenance. Elicitation protocols, designed for the age group being elicited, address the much-documented issue of a lack of data. Clear, graphical, inferential statistical interfaces are accentuated and developed to aid in building the teams required to implement the various methodologies and to help in achieving funding targets. Graphical analysis and Crow/AMSAA (army materials systems analysis activity) plots are developed and demonstrated from the point of view of justifying the expenditures of cost reduction efforts.

Edition Notes

Statementby E. Kevin Doyle.
The Physical Object
Pagination131 leaves :
Number of Pages131
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19758107M
ISBN 109780494158562

The emergence, within AI, of the early models of expert systems, mainly rule-based expert systems, led to the rise of knowledge acquisition and elicitation techniques, [13,14], in order to interview and acquire from human experts in the application domain the knowledge to be represented in the software’s knowledge base. Knowledge elicitation Author: Ephraim Nissan. title = "Risk-informed decision making: Application in nuclear power plant design & operation", abstract = "Generally, a risk-informed analysis will involve a relatively broad spectrum of disciplines and realistic engineering analysis as required in NRC by: 3. Maintenance of CVCS System, Conclusions, References, Exercises, Appendix, Case Experience Comparing the RCM Approach to Plant Maintenance with a Modeling Approach Xisheng Jia and Anthony H. Christer Introduction, Delay Time Concept, Data Records and Analysis, Figure 1 shows the current state of nuclear power plant construction. A total of 32 nuclear power plants in is operation or planned to be built in Korea. Table 1 indicates the performance of power generation by plant. Spe-cifically, Hanul Nuclear Power Plant showed the highest power generation, while Hanbit Nuclear Power PlantFile Size: 3MB.

  Managing nuclear projects focuses on the management aspects of nuclear projects in a wide range of areas with emphasis on process, requirements, and lessons learned. Part one provides a general overview of the nuclear industry including basic principles for managing nuclear projects, nuclear safety culture, management of worker risk, training. Handbook of nuclear technology: summary of the useful techniques for the application of atomic energy for peaceful purposes. Title Variants: Uniform: Nucleonics. By. Type. Book Material. Published material. Publication info. New York:McGraw-Hill,[] Subjects. The National Research Council public report questioned the feasibility of applying PRA to nuclear plant security because of the difficulty of developing a complete set of bounding attack scenarios and estimating their likelihoods of occurrence. The report noted correctly that attack probabilities depend on factors such as terrorist motives.   The future costs of nuclear power using multiple expert elicitations: effects of RD&D and elicitation design. Laura Díaz Anadón 1,5, Gregory Nemet 2,3,5 and Elena Verdolini 4,5. Published 21 August • IOP Publishing Ltd Environmental Research Letters, Volume 8, Number 3.

Elicitation is a good strategy to induce physiological changes and stimulate defense or stress-induced responses in plants. The elicitor treatments trigger the synthesis of phytochemical compounds in fruits, vegetables and herbs. These metabolites have been widely investigated as bioactive compounds responsible of plant cell adaptation to the environment, specific Cited by: Abstract. Regards to the reliable and efficient maintenance work of the nuclear power plants, it is expected to improve the efficiency by introducing an elaborate and intelligent method in the field of the surveillance, inspection and repair work of the plant by: 1. 18 Knowledge Management Objectives Promote creating new knowledge and innovation Reduce costs of being effective and increase innovation Preserve existing knowledge Reduce the K-loss from employees who leave Increase collaboration and K-sharing to enhance the skills Increase productivity by making knowledge accessible Enable a “pro-active learning and decision culture”. The results of comparative analysis of nuclear event investigation methods, tools and techniques, presented in this interim report, are preliminary in character. It is assumed that, for the generation of more concrete recommendations concerning the File Size: 4MB.

Knowledge elicitation techniques and application to nuclear plant maintenance by E. Kevin Doyle Download PDF EPUB FB2

The elicitation of plants in vitro cultures is regarded most effective biotechnological strategy for the production of pharmaceutical plant secondary metabolites given that the compounds are. label this process the Guideline for Operational Nuclear Usability and Knowledge Elicitation (GONUKE).

While GONUKE is intended primarily for nuclear power plant con trol room modernization, the. This publication deals with the latest nuclear power plant maintenance optimization programmes and provides key requirements and strategies for successful implementation.

It documents shared proven maintenance optimization methods and techniques from Member States, including more detailed examples in the annexes of this publication.

Building, collecting, transferring, sharing, preserving, maintaining and utilizing knowledge is essential to developing and keeping the necessary technical expertise and competences required for nuclear power programmes and other nuclear technology.

The IAEA helps Member States maintain and preserve nuclear knowledge. There are several elicitation techniques. 1 - Interview Often we think about elicitation in terms of a conversation. We think about an interview. It is one of the most common elicitation techniques. Interviews involve asking questions, listening to the answers, and asking follow-up Size: KB.

vation of nuclear knowledge and dissemination of first hand information. With the strong support of many experts, the IAEA has compiled this overview of current applications of NATs.

The contributions included in this book describe a variety of. Nuclear knowledge management (NKM) is knowledge management as applied in the nuclear technology field. It supports the gathering and sharing of new knowledge and the updating of the existing knowledge dge management is of particular importance in the nuclear sector, owing to the rapid development and complexity of nuclear technologies and their.

Knowledge Elicitation Methods Many Knowledge Elicitation (KE) methods have been used to obtain the information required to solve problems. These methods can be classified in many ways. One common way is by how directly they obtain information from the domain expert.

Direct methods involve directly questioning a domain expert on how they do. Herein, we label this process the Guideline for Operational Nuclear Usability and Knowledge Elicitation (GONUKE). While GONUKE is intended primarily for nuclear power plant control room modernization, the process may easily be generalized to Cited by: plants.

Elicitation of group knowledge is necessary because each work group may have different experiences and attitudes towards spare parts management. This paper presents an interview protocol used for group knowledge elicitation using AHP File Size: KB. The purpose of a knowledge elicitation interview is to capture mainly explicit knowledge from an expert in a form that can be codified and extended by further questioning and analysis.

The main benefit of an interview is that it helps set up the first stages of knowledge capture and provides a platform for other advanced techniques to probe. Requirement is the cornerstone of the project,A good requirements specification is the key to the success of the project, requirements specification content from the user's requirements.

How to accurately, effectively elicitation of the user's requirements This paper on the different application system of nuclear power enterprise used by the methods in requirements elicitation were Author: Xin Hua Wu, Shao Hua Peng.

maintenance of the ‘nuclear safety case’ for operational reactors, and retention of the nuclear knowledge accumulated over the past six decades”. This report is intended for senior and middle level managers of nuclear industry operating organizations and provides practical information that can be used to improve knowledge management (KM.

MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS PURPOSE The purpose of this regulatory standard is to set out the expectations of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) with regard to maintenance program requirements that nuclear power plant (NPP) licensees shall Size: KB.

The Nuclear Energy Knowledge and Validation Center (NEKVaC) is a new initiative by the Department of Energy (DOE) and Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to coordinate and focus the resources and expertise that exist with the DOE toward solving issues in modern nuclear code validation and knowledge management.

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Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training and Its Evaluation: A Guidebook Technical Reports Series No. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Iaea] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training and Its Evaluation: A Guidebook Technical Reports Series No. Author: International Atomic Energy Agency, Iaea. Describes nuclear plant operating practices and the regulatory oversight process that assures safety.

Addresses significant accidental occurrences and describes how future accidents can be avoided through the application of the latest methods for systematic analysis of accident potential to derive the most effective accident prevention and.

RD/GD replaces regulatory standard S, Maintenance Programs for Nuclear Power Plants (published in ). It reaffirms the existing requirements found in S, and adds information and guidance on how these requirements may be met.

Effective maintenance is essential for the safe operation of a nuclear power plant. The range ofFile Size: KB. The Critical Decision Method (CDM) is a structured interview method for eliciting expert knowledge. The method was used in a study of computer programmers who were experts at debugging complex computer systems.

Fifteen programmers who were identified by their supervisors as experts were asked to describe an experience in which their expertise made a Cited by: 1. Knowledge Bases for Nuclear Plants Most of the existing systems use a "heuristic" approach, with which some of these problems can be solved by including coefficients of probability, for example, in the inference.

However in the nuclear field such Author: M. Gondran. Analytical Applications of Nuclear Techniques by International Atomic Energy Agency File Type: Online Number of Pages: Description This book should serve to attract the attention of young people interested in the natural sciences and could be used by teachers to disseminate nuclear knowledge to the young generation.

Qualification of Nuclear Power Plant Operations Personnel: A Guidebook (TECHNICAL REPORTS SERIES (INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY)) [Not Available] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Qualification of Nuclear Power Plant Operations Personnel: A Guidebook (TECHNICAL REPORTS SERIES (INTERNATIONAL Format: Paperback.

Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation Cost Estimates Using Corporate Financial Statements Yuhji Matsuo,1 Yu Nagatomi2 and Tomoko Murakami3 Summary There are two generally accepted methods for estimating power generation costs: so-called “model plant” method and the method using corporate financial statements.

In this document, the NRC staff has set forth technical positions that: (1) provide general guidelines on those circumstances that may warrant the use of a formal process for obtaining the judgments of more than one expert (i.e., expert elicitation); and (2) describe acceptable procedures for conducting expert elicitation when formally elicited.

use of expert elicitation at Yucca Mountain). Although other articles in law reviews and law-related journals have alluded to expert elicitation in contexts different from nuclear safety, those articles’ references to elicitation were merely incidental to their focus on other topics.

4 Cook v. Rockwell Int’l Corp., F. Supp. 2d Use of Expert Elicitation in the High-Level Radioactive Waste Program Manuscript Completed: August Date Published: November J. Kotra, M. Lee, N. Eisenberg, NRC A. De~ispelare, CNWRA Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses San Antonio, IX Division of Waste Management Office of Nuclear Material Safety and.

Gathering the knowledge from the experts (in this case the process planners) is an essential part of building an expert system. This paper describes the gathering of the process-planning knowledge from an industrial environment for implementting it in a generative process-planning system for turned by: 5.

Fifty years ago, on Jin the town of Obninsk, near Moscow in the former USSR, the first nuclear power plant was connected to an electricity grid to provide power. This was the world's first nuclear power plant to generate electricity for a power grid, and produced around 5 MWe.

This first nuclear reactor was built twelve years Cited by: 2. The first comprehensive application of the PSA dates back toto the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (U.S. NRC) Reactor Safety Study. Since that pioneering study, there has been substantial methodological development, and PSA techniques have become a standard tool in the safety evaluation of the nuclear power plants (NPPs Cited by: 2.

SEMI-AUTOMATED KNOWLEDGE ELICITATION FOR MODELLING PLANT DEFENCE RESPONSE Doctoral Dissertation POLAVTOMATSKO ZAJEMANJE ZNANJA ZA MODELIRANJE OBRAMBNEGA ODZIVA RASTLIN Doktorska disertacija Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Nada Lavra c Co-Supervisor: Asst. Prof. Dr. Igor Mozeti c Ljubljana, Slovenia, November Plant Physiol.

(1 ) 11 2: Elicitation of Plant Hypersensitive Response by Bacteria’ Sheng Yang He* Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, and Cenetics Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan Cell death caused by pathogen infection has been ofCited by: COST ESTIMATING GUIDELINES FOR GENERATION IV NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEMS ABSTRACT The economic goals of Generation IV nuclear energy systems, as adopted by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), are: to have a life cycle cost advantage over other energy sources (i.e., to have a lower levelized unitFile Size: 2MB.